Civil War tokens are tangible reminders of American history. These small, cent-sized tokens were privately issued by American tradesmen and others during the war. They were used to advertise businesses and also to grease the wheels of commerce during a nationwide coin shortage. By the summer of 1862, nervous citizens had hoarded all of the nation’s gold and silver coins and even its small copper-nickel Flying Eagle and Indian Head one-cent coins. This caused a financial emergency as it became nearly impossible to make change for everyday transactions. Millions of private tokens became substitutes for official U.S. coins, spent and accepted as 1¢ each by the public. Today these tokens are highly collectible.
Novice and experienced collectors alike, as well as history buffs and everyone interested in the American Civil War, will find this volume a fascinating and indispensable reference.
Inside: How to identify and collect Civil War patriotic tokens and store cards. Detailed historical background. Valuations in multiple circulated and Mint State grades. Rarity ratings. More than 2,000 full-color photos. Legendary rarities; discussions of every known issuer; illustrations and descriptions of nearly every known die; and more. Dramatically expanded indexes, including die makers and merchant categories.
512 pages, full color, softcover. By Q. David Bowers, with a foreword by John Ostendorf.